"Resilience is the ability of a PHC system to resist, absorb, accommodate to and recover from the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficient manner, including through the preservation and restoration of its essential basic structures and functions" (WHO OF). Resilient systems demonstrate awareness of their system capacities and risks, diversity in the services they deliver and sources of funding, self regulation in maintaining core functions, and ability to coordinate and communicate with stakeholders, citizens, and non-state actors, and adaptability in shifting resources to meet needs in both emergency and non-emergency times.

Emergency response

Reactive “actions taken in anticipation of, during, and immediately after an emergency to ensure that its effects are minimized.” (WHO)

Everyday resilience

Everyday resilience includes having the policies, structures, and capacities in place to respond to the next health emergency and function with quality during non-emergency times. High functioning resilience is required during non-emergency times to minimize the danger and impact of acute public health events when they emerge.